In all water-based pretreatment systems there is a need to add fresh make-up water due to evaporation, drag-over, renewal of the water in the different baths, etc. If available, the distillate from a vacuum distillation system can serve as a feedwater source.
The requirement for the make-up water is demineralized water with low salt and silica content. But to keep a continuous, smooth system operation it is essential to treat the inlet water. The purpose of pretreatment is to prevent clogging of the membranes with precipitations and suspended solids and to remove free chlorine
Treatment for optimal make-up water
Recirculation over ion exchange resin reduces the amount of fresh make-up water needed. This is a sustainable solution to lower water consumption and even reduce cost.
Water for reuse is treated in several steps:
Some coating companies require that the dripping water must not exceed a maximum conductivity of 2 µS/cm. A demineralizer can normally produce a water quality of 5-20 μS/cm. With counter-current regeneration it can be as low as 1-5 μS/cm.
Microbial growth can cause mechanical impurities and hereby contaminate vital elements in the surface treatment system and the coating quality. This can be avoided by continuously circulating the rinse water through a UV-disinfection unit that efficiently kills 99,9 % of microorganisms.
Continuously recirculating each bath through a bag filter retains mechanical impurities, metal shavings and deposits. This reduces how often the baths must be discharged. Filter bags are available in a wide range of variations, including special types with activated carbon fibers for removal of organics.
The all-in-one CU:RO compact unit is an excellent make-up water solution that provides softening and reverse osmosis with only a small footprint and easy installation.
We have collected all you need to know about optimum water treatment for surface treatment. Think water first if you want quality products - every time!